U.S.-born Robert Kramer made his first film, FALN, in 1965. With In the Country (1966) and most of all Milestones (1975), Robert Kramer become the leading representative of radical filmmaking in America. But at the same time he gradually began an exile that led him to settle in France, where in 1980, he made Guns. In 1982, he represented France at the Cannes Film Festival with A toute allure. He occasionally acted in films, notably in Cédric Kahn’s L’Ennui. He died before the release of his film, Cités de la plaine in January 2001.