He was born in Paris. He studied literature in La Sorbonne and became an assistant-director (Jean Renoir, Preston Sturges). He was member of the Resistance movement. In 1950, he worked with Jean Grémillon for his first short film and directed many others in the 50’s. He was a film critic for Les Cahiers du cinéma and founded with others the student cine club in 1945. He headed the French film institute with Henri Langlois. He wrote novels. His first feature film is a fantastic movie. In 1958, he directed Le Bel Âge that directly describes his work in auteur cinema. He died in 1984.